PTE Exam 2024: Complete Section-wise Pattern and Syllabus Overview

The Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic is a computer-based English language proficiency test designed for non-native English speakers who wish to study or migrate to English-speaking countries. Recognized by thousands of institutions worldwide, the PTE exam is renowned for its unbiased and accurate evaluation of candidates’ English language skills.

As we look ahead to the PTE Exam 2024, it’s crucial to understand the complete section-wise pattern and syllabus to prepare effectively and achieve the desired scores.

Overview of the PTE Exam Structure

The PTE Exam 2024 comprises three main sections:

  1. Speaking & Writing
  2. Reading
  3. Listening

Each section assesses specific language skills through various task types. The exam lasts approximately three hours, and the results are usually available within 48 hours of taking the test.

Section 1: Speaking & Writing


The Speaking section evaluates a candidate’s oral fluency, pronunciation, and ability to communicate effectively in English. It includes several task types:

  1. Personal Introduction: Though not scored, this task is essential as it provides a brief overview of the candidate to institutions. Candidates have 25 seconds to read a prompt and then 30 seconds to record their response.
  2. Read Aloud: Candidates read a written text aloud. This task assesses reading skills and oral fluency.
  3. Repeat Sentence: Candidates listen to a sentence and repeat it exactly. This evaluates listening and speaking skills.
  4. Describe Image: Candidates describe an image (e.g., a graph, chart, or picture) presented on the screen. This task assesses the ability to speak fluently and coherently.
  5. Re-tell Lecture: Candidates listen to or watch a lecture and then summarize it. This evaluates listening and speaking skills.
  6. Answer Short Question: Candidates listen to a question and provide a brief answer. This task tests listening comprehension and verbal response ability.


The Writing section assesses a candidate’s ability to write in English, focusing on grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. It includes:

  1. Summarize Written Text: Candidates read a passage and write a summary in one sentence. This task tests reading comprehension and writing skills.
  2. Essay: Candidates write an essay (200-300 words) on a given topic. This evaluates the ability to present ideas clearly and logically.

Section 2: Reading

The Reading section tests a candidate’s ability to understand written English. It includes:

  1. Multiple-choice, Choose Single Answer: Candidates read a passage and answer a question by selecting a single correct response. This tests reading comprehension.
  2. Multiple-choice, Choose Multiple Answers: Candidates read a passage and select all correct answers from the options. This evaluates the ability to identify multiple pieces of information.
  3. Re-order Paragraphs: Candidates arrange shuffled text boxes to form a coherent paragraph. This assesses understanding of text structure.
  4. Reading: Fill in the Blanks: Candidates drag and drop words into blanks within a passage. This tests vocabulary and comprehension.
  5. Reading & Writing: Fill in the Blanks: Similar to the previous task, but the chosen words impact the meaning of the text more significantly, testing deeper comprehension.

Section 3: Listening

The Listening section assesses the ability to understand spoken English through various audio and video clips. It includes:

  1. Summarize Spoken Text: Candidates listen to a recording and write a summary (50-70 words). This tests listening and writing skills.
  2. Multiple-choice, Choose Multiple Answers: Candidates listen to a recording and select all correct answers to a question. This evaluates the ability to understand detailed information.
  3. Fill in the Blanks: Candidates listen to a recording and type missing words in a transcript. This tests listening accuracy and writing skills.
  4. Highlight Correct Summary: Candidates listen to a recording and select the summary that best matches it. This assesses comprehension of the main ideas.
  5. Multiple-choice, Choose Single Answer: Candidates listen to a recording and select one correct answer to a question. This tests listening comprehension.
  6. Select Missing Word: Candidates listen to a recording and select the missing word or phrase that completes the recording. This evaluates predictive listening skills.
  7. Highlight Incorrect Words: Candidates listen to a recording and identify words in the transcript that differ from the recording. This tests detailed listening.
  8. Write from Dictation: Candidates listen to a sentence and type it out exactly as heard. This assesses listening and writing accuracy.

Preparing for the PTE Exam 2024

Understanding the Scoring System

The PTE Academic uses an automated scoring system that ensures unbiased evaluation. Scores range from 10 to 90, with a detailed breakdown of communicative skills (listening, reading, speaking, writing) and enabling skills (grammar, oral fluency, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary, written discourse).

Study Tips

  1. Familiarize Yourself with the Test Format: Understanding the structure and types of tasks in each section is crucial.
  2. Practice Regularly: Utilize official practice materials and take mock tests to identify strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Enhance Vocabulary and Grammar: A strong vocabulary and solid grammar foundation are essential for success in all sections.
  4. Improve Listening and Speaking Skills: Engage in activities that involve listening to native English speakers and practice speaking fluently.
  5. Focus on Time Management: The PTE is a timed test, so practicing under timed conditions can help manage the pace during the actual exam.
  6. Seek Feedback: Consider enrolling in preparatory courses or seeking feedback from teachers to improve performance.


The PTE Exam 2024 offers a comprehensive assessment of English language proficiency through its detailed and well-structured sections. By understanding the section-wise pattern and syllabus, candidates can better prepare and increase their chances of achieving high scores.

Consistent practice, familiarity with the test format, and a focus on enhancing language skills are key strategies for success. With diligent preparation and a clear understanding of the exam structure, candidates can confidently approach the PTE Exam 2024 and achieve their academic and professional goals.

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